Specifications - USS Ermiana


The Galaxy-class starship has served with distinction since it was first introduced by Starfleet in the mid-24th century as a successor to the successful, yet rare Ambassador-class vessels. Design began in earnest during the early 2340s and proceeded at pace throughout the following decade. Unlike the older Ambassador-class, this was to be a brand new starship with primary emphasis on peaceful exploration. Its gargantuan size was unmatched by any previous vessel (including the Ambassador-class) and allowed the ship's designers a latitude many had only ever dreamed of. They were able to include an unprecedented 800,000 square meters of customizable mission spaces, thus giving the Galaxy-class a flexibility and longevity only ever experienced on starbasesa and other stationary facilities.

A number of technological advances pioneered through other vessels were incorporated into the Galaxy-class design. These included its burst-fire torpedo launchers (New Orleans-class, a new deflector dish framework (New Orleans-class), and the elliptical saucer section increasingly found in other designs of the period. Even the parallel development of the Nebula-class - introduced shortly before the Galaxy-class and equipped with similar technologies - proved informative as initial production glitches with that design were able to be refined before being incorporated into the Galaxy-class itself.

This sort of piecemeal development process wherein different components were "field tested" through other, smaller starship classes significantly impacted the time it took to create the Galaxy-class. In fact, many including the lead engineer on the project firmly believed the time between "conception to perfection" would have been increased by a factor of at least two if not for the "prototypes" already in production. Engineers were able to take the basics for granted and work on realizing the full potential of the raw resources and technologies they had available.

Even with these benefits, the prototype USS Galaxy took a full five years between launch and commissioning to iron out all the kinks. Systems proven elsewhere still had to be honed to new levels of refinement. Furthermore, the Galaxy's large size led to unanticipated structural issues. Testing at high warp speeds revealed several stress planes forming in various locations across the ship including the neck and, in particular, the stern. Rather than completely redraw the affected areas of the ship's hull, Starfleet attempted to correct the problem by introducing large and stury supports that could better absorb the stresses being placed on the vessel.

When it was finally launched in 2357, the USS Galaxy was the largest and most advanced ship in the Federation. One of the most impressive advancements was the ability it had to separate the main body from the saucer section and reattach without the assistance of a starbase facility. The saucer section could move at impulse speeds under its own power, acting as a large and very well-armed life pod in the event of a cataclysmic warp core breach or a readily foreseen combat situation in which the lives of civilians could be lost.

Since its introduction in the late 2350s, the Galaxy-class has undergone a number of significant upgrades and refits in order to keep pace with the developments of the time. These have included everything from improved propulsion technologies to expanded scientific capabilites to enhanced tactical systems. A new warp core provided Galaxy-class vessels with an increase in top speed from warp 9.6 to warp 9.9. Advances scientific and exploratory technology resulted in continual senosry upgrades.

The first true multi-role starship design fielded in over a century, the Galaxy-class was intended to project Federation presence and influence throughout the Alpha and Beta Quadrants. Extensive sensor capabilities, laboratory facilities, and diverse crew accommodations have enabled the Galaxy-class to engage in a wide range of mission parameters ranging from exploration to diplomatic negotiation to scientific research. When pressed, the Galaxy-class has also demonstrated itself to be an effective weapons platform for deployment into hostile areas of space. Such diversity means the Galaxy-class will likely continue to serve at the forefront of Starfleet planning and will, accordingly, be outfitted with the latest applicable technologies.


Class Galaxy
Role Explorer/Ship of The Line
Duration 100 Years
Time Between Refits 5 Years
Time Between Resupply 3-5 Years


Length 642.5 Metres
Width 463.7 Metres
Height 195.3 Metres
Decks 42


Officers 170
Enlisted Crew 850
Civilians 200
Emergency Capacity 5000

Propulsion Systems

Warp Propulsion Systems General Electric Type 8 M/ARA Warp Drive - Output at 13 Billion Gigawatts.
Impulse Propulsion Systems Three Space-Time Driver Coil Impulse Engines, 1 located on Stardrive Section, 2 located aft on Saucer Section. Maximum Impulse speed of .75c or 46,570 miles per hour.
Reaction Control System Standard magnetohydrodynamic gas-fusion thrusters.
Each thruster quad can produce 5.5 million newtons of exhaust.
All Reaction Control System Thruster packages on the Galaxy Class have small tractor beam emitters. These emitters help in closed quarters or docking procedures.
Cruise Speed 6
Maximum Speed 9.6
Emergency Speed 9.8

Tactical Systems

Shields Standard Shield Array and Defensive Systems
Weapon Systems Phasers
Primary Hull/Saucer Section
2 Dorsal Type X Phaser Arrays with 340 Degree Coverage.
2 Ventral Type X Ventral Phaser Array with 320 Degree Coverage.
1 Aft Type IX Phaser Array - Only usable when saucer section is seperated.

Secondary Hull/Stardrive Section
3 Ventral Type IX Phaser Arrays
2 Dorsal Type IX Phaser Arrays

1 Lateral Type IX Phaser array on each veritcal bound pylon.
1 Type IX Phaser located on the nacelle housing.

Phaser Maximum Effective Range is 30,000KM

Torpedo Launchers

Primary Hull
1 Aft Standard Fixed-Focus Torpedo & Probe Launcher (Can only be used when saucer is seperated)

Secondary Hull
1 Fore Facing Fixed-Focus Photon Torpedo & Probe Launcher
1 After Facing Fixed-Focus Photon Torpedo & Probe Launcher

Maximum Effective Range of Torpedo Launchers is 40,000KM
Armament 250 Mark VI Photon Torpedoes
Tactical Sensors 28 Independent tactical sensors with automatic tracking and identification system. Each tactical sensor is approximately eighty-four percent efficient against Electronic Counter Measures.

Computer Systems

Computer Cores Four Isolinear Computer Cores
Computer Operating System Library Computer & Retrieval System (LCARS) Version 5.3
Computing Speed 500 Trillion Calculations Per Second
Security Levels Level 10 – Captain and Above
Level 9 – First Officer
Level 8 - Commander
Level 7 – Lt. Commander
Level 6 – Lieutenant
Level 5 – Lt. Junior Grade
Level 4 - Ensign
Level 3 – Non-Commissioned Crew
Level 2 – Civilian Personnel
Level 1 – Open Access (Read Only)

Utilities and Auxiliary Systems

Navigational Systems Standard Galaxy Class Navigational Deflector Dish capable of generating one hundred twenty-eight megawatts which fed into a pair of five hundred fifty millicochrane subspace field distortion amplifiers. Can move seven and two tenths degrees in any direction of the ships Z-xis.

Navigation directional sensor suite embedded into the main deflector dish for both long and short range.
Tractor Beams Multiphase subspace graviton beam with maximum payload of 7'500'000 metric tonnes at less than 1000 metres.
Transporter Systems Number of Systems: 16

Personnel Transporters: 6 (Transporter Rooms 1-4)

Cargo Transporters: 6

Emergency Transporters: 4
Communications Equipment Short Range Subspace Radio Communications Array
Long Range Subspace Radio Communications Array

Communications Ranges:
RF: 5.2 AU
Subspace: 22.65 LY

Standard Data Transmission Speed: 18.5 kiloquads per second
Subspace Communications Speed: Warp 9.9997

Scientific and Exploration Systems

Sensor Systems 350 Sensor High Resolution Sensor Pallets

Sensor Usages:

Astronomical phenomena
Planetary analysis
Remote life-form analysis
EM scanning
Passive neutrino scanning
Parametric subspace field stress (a scan to search for cloaked ships)
Thermal variances
Quasi-stellar material

Sensor Probes Class I Sensor Probe

Range: 2 x 10^5 kilometers
Delta-v limit: 0.5c
Powerplant: Vectored deuterium microfusion propulsion
Sensors: Full EM/Subspace and interstellar chemistry pallet for in-space applications.
Telemetry: 12,500 channels at 12 megawatts.
Complement: 25 Total

Class II Sensor Probe

Range: 4 x 10^5 kilometers
Delta-v limit: 0.65c
Powerplant: Vectored deuterium microfusion propulsion, extended deuterium fuel supply
Sensors: Same instrumentation as Class I with addition of enhanced long-range particle and field detectors and imaging system
Telemetry: 15,650 channels at 20 megawatts.
Complement: 25 Total

Class III Planetary Probe

Range: 1.2 x 10^6 kilometers
Delta-v limit: 0.65c
Powerplant: Vectored deuterium microfusion propulsion
Sensors: Terrestrial and gas giant sensor pallet with material sample and return capability; onboard chemical analysis submodule
Telemetry: 13,250 channels at ~15 megawatts.
Additional data: Limited SIF hull reinforcement. Full range of terrestrial soft landing to subsurface penetration missions; gas giant atmosphere missions survivable to 450 bar pressure. Limited terrestrial loiter time.
Complement: 20 Total

Class IV Stellar Encounter Probe

Range: 3.5 x 10^6 kilometers
Delta-v limit: 0.6c
Powerplant: Vectored deuterium microfusion propulsion supplemented with continuum driver coil and extended deuterium supply
Sensors: Triply redundant stellar fields and particle detectors, stellar atmosphere analysis suite.
Telemetry: 9,780 channels at 65 megawatts.
Additional data: Six ejectable/survivable radiation flux subprobes. Deployable for nonstellar energy phenomena
Complement: 20 Total

Class V Medium Range Reconnaissance Probe

Range: 4.3 x 10^10 kilometers
Delta-v limit: Warp 2
Powerplant: Dual-mode matter/antimatter engine; extended duration sublight plus limited duration at warp
Sensors: Extended passive data-gathering and recording systems; full autonomous mission execution and return system
Telemetry: 6,320 channels at 2.5 megawatts.
Additional data: Planetary atmosphere entry and soft landing capability. Low observatory coatings and hull materials. Can be modified for tactical applications with addition of custom sensor countermeasure package.
Complement: 15 Total

Class VI Comm Relay/Emergency Beacon Probes

Range: 4.3 x 10^10 kilometers
Delta-v limit: 0.8c
Powerplant: Microfusion engine with high-output MHD power tap
Sensors: Standard pallet
Telemetry/Comm: 9,270 channel RF and subspace transceiver operating at 350 megawatts peak radiated power. 360 degree omni antenna coverage, 0.0001 arc-second high-gain antenna pointing resolution.
Additional data: Extended deuterium supply for transceiver power generation and planetary orbit plane changes
Complement: 6 Total

Class VII Remote Culture Study Probes

Range: 4.5 x 10^8 kilometers
Delta-v limit: Warp 1.5
Powerplant: Dual-mode matter/antimatter engine
Sensors: Passive data gathering system plus subspace transceiver
Telemetry: 1,050 channels at 0.5 megawatts.
Additional data: Applicable to civilizations up to technology level III. Low observability coatings and hull materials. Maximum loiter time: 3.5 months. Low-impact molecular destruct package tied to antitamper detectors.
Complement: 12 Total

Class VIII Medium Range Multimission Warp Probe

Range: 1.2 x 10^2 light-years
Delta-v limit: Warp 9
Powerplant: Matter/antimatter warp field sustainer engine; duration of 6.5 hours at warp 9; MHD power supply tap for sensors and subspace transceiver
Sensors: Standard pallet plus mission-specific modules
Telemetry: 4,550 channels at 300 megawatts.
Additional data: Applications vary from galactic particles and fields research to early-warning reconnaissance missions
Complement: 12 Total

Class IX Long Range Multimission Warp Probe

Range: 7.6 x 10^2 light-years
Delta-v limit: Warp 9
Powerplant: Matter/antimatter warp field sustainer engine; duration of 12 hours at warp 9; extended fuel supply for warp 8 maximum flight duration of 14 days
Sensors: Standard pallet plus mission-specific modules
Telemetry: 6,500 channels at 230 megawatts.
Additional data: Limited payload capacity; isolinear memory storage of 3,400 kiloquads; fifty-channel transponder echo. Typical application is emergency-log/message capsule on homing trajectory to nearest starbase or known Starfleet vessel position
Complement: 5 Total

Auxiliary Craft

Shuttlebays 3
Shuttles Shuttlepods
Type 16 Shuttlepod


Type: Medium short-range sublight shuttle.
Accommodation: Two; pilot and system manager.
Power Plant: Two 750 millicochrane impulse driver engines, four RCS thrusters, four sarium krellide storage cells.
Dimensions: Length, 4.8 m; beam, 2.4 m; height 1.6 m.
Mass: 1.25 metric tones.
Performance: Maximum delta-v, 12,250 m/sec.
Armament: Two Type-IV phaser emitters.

Like the Type-15, the Type-16 Shuttlepod is a two person craft primarily used for short-ranged transportations of personnel and cargo, as well as for extravehicular inspections of Federation starships, stations and associated facilities. Lacking the ability to obtain warp speeds, the Type-16 is a poor candidate for even interplanetary travel, and is traditionally used as a means of transport between objects only a few kilometers apart. The craft is capable of atmospheric flight, allowing for routine flights between orbiting craft or stations and planetside facilities, and its cargo capacity is slightly higher then that of the Type-15. Ships of this type are stationed aboard various starship classes and stations, both spaceborne and planetside.

Complement: 12 Total

Type 18 Shuttlepod


Type: Medium short-range sublight shuttle.
Accommodation: Two; pilot and system manager.
Power Plant: Two 800 millicochrane impulse driver engines, four RCS thrusters, four sarium krellide storage cells.
Dimensions: Length, 4.5 m; beam, 3.1 m; height 1.8 m.
Mass: 1.12 metric tones.
Performance: Maximum delta-v, 16,750 m/sec.
Armament: Three Type-V phaser emitters.

Developed in the mid-2360s, the Type-18 Shuttlepod is somewhat of a departure from the traditional layout for ships of its size. In response to the growing threat of conflicts with various galactic powers bordering or near to the Federation, this shuttlepod was designed to handle more vigorous assignments that still fell into the short-range roles of a shuttlepods. Even with her parent vessel under attack, the Type-18 was designed to function in battle situations and could even be used as an escape vehicle should the need arise. Lacking a warp core, the pod is a poor choice for travel beyond several million kilometers.

Complement: 8 Total


Type 6 Shuttlecraft


Type: Light short-range warp shuttle.
Accommodation: Two flight crew, six passengers.
Power Plant: One 50 cochrane warp engine, two 750 millicochrane impulse engines, four RCS thrusters.
Dimensions: Length, 6.0 m; beam, 4.4 m; height 2.7 m.
Mass: 3.38 metric tones.
Performance: Sustained Warp 3.
Armament: Two Type-IV phaser emitters.

The Type-6 Personnel Shuttlecraft is currently in widespread use throughout Starfleet, and is only recently being replaced by the slightly newer Type-8 Shuttle of similar design. The Uprated version of this vessel is considered to be the ideal choice for short-range interplanetary travel, and its large size makes it suitable to transport personnel and cargo over these distances. A short-range transporter is installed onboard, allowing for easy beam out of cargo and crew to and from their destination. Atmospheric flight capabilities allow for this shuttle type to land on planetary surfaces. Ships of this type are currently in use aboard virtually every medium to large sized starship class, as well as aboard stations and Starbases.

The Type-6 is perhaps the most successful shuttle design to date, and its overall structure and components are the foundations upon which the Type-8, -9, and -10 spaceframes are based.

Major technological advancements in the 2370’s allowed for further upgrades to be made to the engine systems aboard shuttlecraft. These upgrades make this craft more capable of long-range spaceflight and, like its starship counterparst, no longer damages subspace.

Complement: 12 Total

Type 7 Shuttlecraft


Type: Medium short-range warp shuttle.
Accommodation: Two flight crew, six passengers.
Power Plant: One 150 cochrane warp engine, two 750 millicochrane impulse engines, four RCS thrusters.
Dimensions: Length, 8.5 m; beam, 3.6 m; height 2.7 m.
Mass: 3.96 metric tones.
Performance: Sustained Warp 4.
Armament: Two Type-V phaser emitters.

With the borders of the Federation ever expanding as Starfleet reached the latter half of the 24th Century, the ASDB realized that there was sufficient need for a shuttlecraft capable of making the week-long journeys between planets and stations at low warp. The Type-7 was the first step in this direction, and is equipped for short-range warp travel. To offer comfort to its occupants, the shuttle contains a standard replicator system and sleeping compartments. The forward and aft compartments are separated by a small, informal living area that has a workstation and table. The aft area is normally equipped with a bunk area, but can easily be converted to allow for increased cargo capabilities. A medium-range transporter and atmospheric flight capabilities allow for the Type-7 to service starbases, starships and stations. Ships of this type are currently in use aboard most medium to large sized starship classes, as well as aboard stations and Starbases.

Major technological advancements in the 2370’s allowed for further upgrades to be made to the engine systems aboard shuttlecraft. These upgrades make this craft more capable of long-range spaceflight and, like its starship counterparts, no longer damages subspace.

Complement: 10 Total

Type 8 Shuttlecraft


Type: Light long-range warp shuttle.
Accommodation: Two flight crew, six passengers.
Power Plant: One 150 cochrane warp engine, two 750 millicochrane impulse engines, four RCS thrusters.
Dimensions: Length, 6.2 m; beam, 4.5 m; height 2.8 m.
Mass: 3.47 metric tones.
Performance: Warp 4.
Armament: Two Type-V phaser emitters.

Based upon the frame of the Type-6, the Type-8 Shuttlecraft is the most capable follow-up in the realm of personnel shuttles. Only slightly larger, the Type-8 is equipped with a medium-range transporter and has the ability to travel within a planet’s atmosphere. With a large cargo area that can also seat six passengers, the shuttle is a capable transport craft. Slowly replacing its elder parent craft, the Type-8 is now seeing rapid deployment on all medium to large starships, as well as to Starbases and stations throughout the Federation.

Complement: 12 Total

Service & Maintenance Vehicles

Type 9A Cargo Shuttlecraft


Type: Heavy long-range warp shuttle.
Accommodation: Two flight crew.
Power Plant: One 150 cochrane warp engine, two 750 millicochrane impulse engines, six RCS thrusters.
Dimensions: Length, 10.5 m; beam, 4.2 m; height 3.6 m.
Mass: 8.9 metric tones.
Performance: Warp 4.
Armament: Two Type-V phaser emitters.

Short of a full-fledged transport ship, the Type-9A Cargo Shuttle is the primary shuttle of choice for cargo runs at major Starfleet facilities. Originally developed by the ASDB team stationed at Utopia Planitia, the 9A served as cargo vessel that carried components from the surface of Mars to the facilities in orbit. While able to travel at warp velocities, the 9A is somewhat slow at sub-light speeds, especially when carrying large amounts of cargo. The front of the shuttle is divided by a wall with a closable hatch, allowing for the aft area to be opened to the vacuum of space. The 9A also has the ability to carry one Sphinx Workpod in the aft area. A medium-range transporter and atmospheric flight capabilities allow it to easily complete its tasks. While rarely seen stationed aboard all but the largest starships, the Type-9A is a common site at any large Starfleet facility.

Complement: 2 Total

Work Bee's


Type: Utility craft.
Accommodation: One operator.
Power Plant: One microfusion reactor, four RCS thrusters.
Dimensions: Length, 4.11 m; beam, 1.92 m; height 1.90 m.
Mass: 1.68 metric tones.
Performance: Maximum delta-v, 4,000 m/sec.
Armament: None

The Work Bee is a capable stand-alone craft used for inspection of spaceborne hardware, repairs, assembly, and other activates requiring remote manipulators. The fully pressurized craft has changed little in design during the past 150 years, although periodic updates to the internal systems are done routinely. Onboard fuel cells and microfusion generators can keep the craft operational for 76.4 hours, and the life-support systems can provide breathable air, drinking water and cooling for the pilot for as long as fifteen hours. If the pilot is wearing a pressure suit or SEWG, the craft allows for the operator to exit while conducting operations. Entrance and exit is provided by the forward window, which lifts vertically to allow the pilot to come and go.

A pair of robotic manipulator arms is folded beneath the main housing, and allows for work to be done through pilot-operated controls. In addition, the Work Bee is capable of handling a cargo attachment that makes it ideal for transferring cargo around large Starbase and spaceborne construction facilities. The cargo attachment features additional microfusion engines for supporting the increased mass.

Complement: 8 Total

Sphinx Workpod


Type: Light industrial manipulator (Sphinx M1A), medium industrial manipulator (Sphinx M2A), medium tug (Sphinx MT3D).
Accommodation: Pilot (M1A, M2A); pilot and cargo specialist (MT3D).
Power Plant: One microfusion reactor, four alfinium krellide power storage cells, four RCS thrusters.
Dimensions: Length, 6.2 m; beam, 2.6 m; height 2.5 m.
Mass: 1.2 metric tones.
Performance: Maximum delta-v, 2,000 m/sec.
Armament: None

Along with the Work Bee, the various Sphinx Workpod types are a common site in any large Federation shipbuilding facility. Intended never to be far from its parent facility, the Workpod was designed to allow greater user hands-on control of the various functions involved with day-to-day construction and repair. With more tools then the Work Bee, the Sphinx M1A and M2A are used primarily to manipulate spaceborne hardware during construction. The Sphinx MT3D is a third variant of this robust design, and can be used for towing objects to and from the construction site. Furthermore, a group of MT3D units can work together to tow larger objects into place, including most starship classes, when large tractor emitters are not an option. All three variants utilize the same basic systems, and are small enough to fit inside of a Type-9A Cargo Shuttlecraft. All variants of the Sphinx Workpod are commonly found at Federation Fleet Yards and Starbases, as well as on larger Starfleet vessels.

Complement: 2 Total
Runabouts Captains Yacht


Type: Galaxy Class Integrated Craft
Accommodation: 3 flight crew, 4 passengers.
Power Plant: Toroidal driver coil-based impulse propulsion system; aerodyne flight motors.
Dimensions: Length: 18 m; Width: 10 m (full wingspan); Height: 8 m
Performance: Maximum impulse: 0.65c; normal atmospheric cruising velocity: Mach 6; maximum atmospheric velocity: Mach 20.
Armament: None

Galaxy-class vessels are equipped with an auxiliary spacecraft normally used for diplomatic missions called the Captain's Yacht. Much larger then a shuttlecraft, the Captain's Yacht is mounted on the underside of the ship's saucer section where it remains docked during normal flight operations. Access to the Yacht is provided through dorsal entry hatch affixed to a docking collar on the upper half of the craft. It is essentially divided into two decks, with the bottom deck housing a toroidal driver coil-based impulse propulsion system, two landing legs for planetary landings, a series of aerodyne flight motors for atmospheric flight as well as fuel and maintenance access to various subsystems.

Manned by a normal flight crew of two and one service representative to assist diplomatic guests, the upper deck houses a flight deck, two modest staterooms, flight crew bunks, and a galley. While not equipped with any means of warp propulsion, the Yacht is specially designed so that it can be launched from its parent ships at speeds as high as Warp 7, where it then coasts down to normal impulse speeds. A deflector system and onboard sensor pallets make the craft suitable for short-range travel. Used normally to transport dignitaries to and from a planet's surface when normal transporter use is not possible, the Yacht is capable of atmospheric flight and planetary landing. Entry/egress platforms on both ends of the craft allow the crew to easily enter and exit the craft.

Complement: 1 Total

Danube Class Runabouts


Length: 23.1 meters
Width: 13.7 meters
Height: 5.4 meters
Mass: 158.7 metric tons
Full Impulse: .25c
Cruise Speed: Warp 4
Maximum Velocity Warp 4.7 (for twelve hours)
Standard - 6 Type V phaser arrays

Requirement of a warp capable shuttlecraft was issued in the 2340s. The development of such a warp capable shuttle was to be capable of short and medium range missions and assignments. The original Type-10 runabouts were created, but soon we found to be limited in their size. The development of the Danube-Class runabouts began in 2363. They were first introduced in 2368. The Danube-Class runabouts feature a front cabin for four. The pilot, co-pilot/operations, and two mission specialists. There is also a two person transporter in the rear of the front cabin. Aft of the front cabin are the mission specific modules. Based on the nature of the modular design, the runabout can be converted to other mission-type specific requirements such as personnel transporter, cargo transporter, scientific expeditions, tactical assignments, prison transports, medical transports, etc. There is also an optional photon torpedo module on the top of the Danube-Class runabout.The Danube-Class runabout is highly customizable and for extended travel, the rear of the craft can be configured as a large cabin with sleeping (bunk beds) and dining areas. In normal cases, this rear area is generally used as a cargo bay.

Complement: 5 Total

Emergency Systems

Emergency Medical Operations Mk 1 Emergency Medical Hologram
ICU Medical Unit
Emergency Triage Ground Center (Stored and able to be transported and built planetside)
Lifeboats & Escape Pods 400 Autonomous Survival and Recovery Vehicles
Upto Eight Persons Per Pod - Maximum Evacuation Limit of 3200 Persons.
Landing Mode Upon Saucer Seperation. In extreme emergencies the Saucer Section can perform a controlled crash landing on a M Class Planet. This would however be unsalvagable and is only to be used in extreme emergencies when all other options have been exhausted.